Friday, March 20, 2015

Think Ebola: Early recognition is critical

INITIATE

Think Ebola when you approach a patient. Start the steps for basic infection control before assessing the patient for risks.

  • Always use standard precautions
  • If there are concerns that the patient could meet the criteria for Ebola, immediately separate the patient from others

IDENTIFY

Assess your patient for:

  • Travel to a country with widespread transmission or uncertain control measures (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone) within the last 21 days
OR
  • Contact with someone with Ebola within the last 21 days
AND
  •  Had a fever at home, or has a current fever
  • Other symptoms:
    • Severe headache
    • Muscle pain
    • Weakness
    • Fatigue
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Abdominal (stomach) pain
    • Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
  • If the patient has both exposure and symptoms, immediately isolate the patient and inform others (see INFORM -> Coming Soon)

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