Monday, June 30, 2014

Methods of Control

Work Practices  

Q22. Can employees of an ambulance medical rescue service eat or drink inside the cab of the unit?

A22. Employees are allowed to eat and drink in an ambulance cab only if the employer has implemented procedures to permit employees to wash up and change contaminated clothing before entering the ambulance cab, has prohibited the consumption, handling, storage, and transport of food and drink in the rear of the vehicle, and has procedures to ensure that patients and contaminated materials remain behind the separating partition.

Q23. What alternatives are acceptable if soap and running water are not available for handwashing?

A23. Antiseptic hand cleansers in conjunction with clean cloth/paper towels or antiseptic towelettes are examples of acceptable alternatives to running water. However, when these types of alternatives are used, employees must wash their hands with soap and running water as soon as feasible. These alternatives are only acceptable at worksites where it is  infeasible to provide soap and running water.

Q24. What are the labeling exemptions for specimens?

A24. The labeling exemption in section (d)(2)(xiii)(A) of the standard applies to facilities that handle all specimens with Universal Precautions provided the containers are recognizable as containing specimens. This exemption applies only while these specimens remain within the facility. Also, all employees who will have contact with the specimens must be trained to handle all specimens with Universal Precautions. If the specimens leave the facility (e.g., during transport, shipment, or disposal), a label or red color-coding is required.

Q25. Do specimens have to be double-bagged?

A25. Secondary containers or bags are only required if the primary container is contaminated on the outside. Also, if the specimen could puncture the primary container, a secondary puncture-resistant container is required. All specimen containers, primary and secondary, must be closed, properly labeled or color-coded (except as described above) and must prevent leakage.

Q26. Are employers required to decontaminate equipment before servicing or shipping?

A26. The standard requires that all equipment that may be contaminated must be examined and decontaminated as necessary before servicing or shipping. If complete decontamination is not feasible, the equipment must be labeled with the required biohazard label which also specifically identifies which portions of the equipment remain contaminated. In addition, the employer must ensure that this information is conveyed to the affected employees, the servicing representative, and/or the manufacturer, as appropriate, before handling, servicing, or shipping.

No comments:

Post a Comment