Friday, July 12, 2013

Safety Needle Devices

How serious a threat are needlestick injuries to health care workers?
  • 800,000 Needlestick injuries occur each year in the United States
  • 16,000 of these are likely contaminated by HIV
  • Up to 80% of all accident exposures to blood are caused by needlestick injuries
  • More than 20 pathogens can be transmitted through sharps or needlestick injuries
HBV and HCV pose an even greater risk than HIV:
  •  Prevalence in the Patient Population  
  •  Occupational risk of Hepatitis B:
    • Much more transmissible than HIV
    • Risk after needlestick: 2% - 40%
    • 1994 - 1,000 health care workers developed HBV infection
    • Approximately 200 HCWs die each year

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