Friday, July 19, 2013

Occupational Risk Statistics of HBV, HCV, HIV

Estimated incidence of acute Hepatitis B, U.S. 1978-1995



 Occupational risk of Hepatitis C:
  • HCV - major cause of chronic liver disease
  • No vaccine
  • No effective post-exposure prophylaxis
  • 85% of HCV infected people develop chronic infection
Occupational risk of HIV:
  • Risk after needlestick - 1 in 300
  • Exposures from needlesticks or cuts cause most infections
HCWs with occupationally acquired HIV/AIDS infection:

 

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